segunda-feira, 31 de outubro de 2005

American heroes (2): James Madison

«If religion be not within cognizance of Civil Government, how can its legal establishment be said to be necessary to Civil Government? What influence in fact have ecclesiastical establishments had on Civil Society? In some instances they have been seen to erect a spiritual tyranny on the ruins of Civil authority; in many instances they have seen the upholding of the thrones of political tyranny; in no instance have they been seen the guardians of the liberty of the people. Rulers who wish to subvert the public liberty, may have found an established clergy convenient auxiliaries. A just government, instituted to secure and perpetuate it [liberty], needs them not.»

(Esta tirada do mais veemente anticlericalismo deve-se a James Madison, no "Memorial and Remonstrance against Religious Assessments", em 1784.)

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